A New locality record of the Lofty bath white butterfly Pontia callidice (Hübner, 1800) in Nepal

  • Sanej Suwal Nature Conservation and Research Center, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Krishna Dev Hengaju IUCN Nepal, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Naresh Kusi Resources Himalaya Foundation, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal
Keywords: Distribution, Pieridae, Pontia callidice, Trans-Himalaya, Upper Humla


Lofty bath white Pontia callidice is a little-known butterfly of Nepal, reported only from Darchula district, Far Western Nepal. We recorded the new distribution eastward of this species 166 km N-E far from its previous range in Talung and Gyaukhola Valley of Upper Humla in July 2017 at elevations between 4400 to 4829 m above sea level. This is also the highest elevation record of this species. 


Bingham, C.T. 1907. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. II. Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, London.

Dekastle, A. 2015. Butterflies of the Suusamyr Valley, Kyrgyzstan (Lepidoptera, Diurna). Distance Master of Science in Entomology Project, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, USA.

Evans,W. H. 1927. The identification of Indian butterflies. Mumbai, India: The Bombay Natural History Society. The Diocesan Press, Madras. p 42.

FUNET. 1990. Pontia. https://www.nic.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/-life/insecta/lepidoptera/index.html. Accessed on June 2020.

Hemming, F. 1937. A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements by Carl Geyer, Fottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer. Vol.I. London (Royal Entomological Society of London), p 605.

Khramov, P. 2021. Pontia crafty (Humber, 1800). http://insecta.pro/

Kusi N., Sillero-Zubiri C., Macdonald D. W., Johnson P. J. and Werhahn G. 2019. Perspectives of traditional Himalayan communities on fostering coexistence with Himalayan wolf and snow leopard. Conservation Science and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.165.

Mani, M. S. 1986. Butterflies of the Himalaya. Volume 36 of Series entomologica. Oxford & IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta. ISBN: 8120401263, 9788120401266, p 49.

Miehe, G., Pendry, C. and Chaudhary, R. (Eds.). 2016. Nepal: An introduction to the natural history, ecology and human environment of the Himalayas. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

Morishita, K., and Inomata, T. 1998. New or little-known butterflies from Nepal. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 49(1):1–8.

NCBS. 2021. Pontia callidice (Hübner, 1800) – Lofty Bath White. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.15. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/-3042/Pontia-callidice

Nekrutenko Y. P. 1990. Butterflies of the Caucasus: keys to their identification (Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae, Danaidae). Naukova Dumka, Kiev, p 215.

Rowling, M. 2021. Pontia callidice. http://www.euro-butterflies.com/sp/callidice.php

Sidhu, A.K., Chandra, K.and Palot, J. 2012. Observations on the status and diversity of butterflies in the fragile ecosystem of Ladakh (J & K). Records of the Zoological Survey of India 112(3):101–112.

Smith, C.1994. Butterflies of Nepal. Craftsman Press, Bangkok, p 65.

Swaay, V. C., Wynhoff, I., Wiemers, M., Katbeh-Bader, A., Power, A., Benyamini, D., et al. 2014. Pontia callidice. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T174365A53720074.

Tuzov, V. K.1997. Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories: Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae (Reference work, Vol 1). PENSOFT, Sofia-Moscow. http://rusinsects.com/p-calli.htm.

Wyatt, C. W. 1961. Additions to the Rhopalocera of Afghanistan with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 15(1):1–18.

How to Cite
SuwalS., HengajuK. D., & KusiN. (2021). A New locality record of the Lofty bath white butterfly Pontia callidice (Hübner, 1800) in Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Zoology , 5(2), 90-93. https://doi.org/10.3126/njz.v5i2.42037
Short Communications