New record of the Ponerine ant Buniapone amblyops (Emery, 1887) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Nepal

  • Indra Prasad Subedi Central Department of Zoology, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Hypogaeic; Monotypic; Pachycondyla; Ponerinae; Worker description


Buniapone Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 is a monotypic and morphologically distinct hypogeic ant genus found only in Southern and Southeast Asia. The ponerine ant Buniapone amblyops (Emery 1887) has been recorded for the first time from Nepal. The specimen was hand-collected in Pokhara (28.21361111 N, 83.97222222 E, 840 m asl) from animal dung. Description of Nepalese B. amblyops worker, its global distribution, and ecology are provided.


Adhikari, S., Rai, D., Gurung, S. and Subedi, I. P. 2020. Diversity of ground-dwelling ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Lahachowk, Kaski, Nepal. First National Conference on Zoology: Biodiversity in a Changing World, Central Department of Zoology and Alumni Association of CDZ, Kathmandu, Nepal. pp 267-278.

AntWeb 2021. Buniapone amblyops. Accessed on 14 July 2021.

Bharti, H., Wachkoo, A. A., and Kumar, R. 2017. First inventory of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in northwestern Shivalik, India. Halteres 8:33–68.

Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, p 506.

Bolton, B. 1975. A Revision of the Ant Genus Leptogenys Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian Region. British Museum Natural History 31(7):235–305.

Brassard, F., Leong, C. M., Chan, H. H., and Guénard, B. 2020. A new subterranean species and an updated checklist of Strumigenys (Hymenoptera, Formi-cidae) from Macao SAR, China, with a key to species of the Greater Bay Area. ZooKeys 970:63–116.

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla and Neoponera attributed to Brown.]. Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p 504.

Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et syno-nymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, p 289.

Eguchi, K., Bui, T. V. and Yamane, S. 2014. Generic Synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part II—Cerapachyinae, Aeni-ctinae, Dorylinae, Leptanillinae, Ambly-oponinae, Ponerinae, Ectatomminae and Proce-ratiinae. Zootaxa 3860(1):1–46.

Emery, C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 25[=(2)5]:433–448.

Emery, C. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX. Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 7(27):485–520.

Emery, C. 1897. Viaggio di Lamberto Loria nella Papuasia orientale. XVIII. Formiche raccolte nella Nuova Guinea dal Dott. Lamberto Loria. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 18(38):546–594.

Emery, C. 1900. Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei. Dummy reference. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 40[=(2)20]:661–722.

Fisher, B. L. and Smith, M. A. 2008. A Revision of Malagasy Species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formi-cidae). PLoS ONE 3(5):e1787.

Forel, A. 1900. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VII. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 13:303–332.

Forel, A. 1905. Ameisen aus Java gesammelt von Prof. Karl Kraepelini, 1904. Jahrbuch der Hambur-gischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalen 22:1–26.

Guenard, B. and Dunn, R. R. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558(1):1–77.

Jaitrong, W. and Nabhitabhata, J. 2005. A list of known ant species of Thailand (Formicidae: Hymen-optera). The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(1):9–54.

Karra, K., Kontgis, C., Statman-Weil, Z., Mazzariello, J., Mathis, M. and Brumby, S. 2021. Global land use/land cover with Sentinel-2 and deep learning. IGARSS 2021-2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE.

QGIS Development Team. 2020. QGIS Geographic Information System. Open source geospatial foundation project.

Radchenko, A. G. E. 1993. Ants from Vietnam in the Collection of the Institute of Zoology, PAS, Warsaw: Pseudomyrmicinae, Dorylinae, Pone-rinae. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk 44(7):75–82.

Schmidt, C. A. and Shattuck, S. O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817(1):1–242.

Subedi, I. P., Budha, P. B., Bharti, H. and Alonso, L. 2020. An updated checklist of Nepalese ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 1006:99–136.

Subedi, I. P., Budha, P. B., Kunwar, R. M., Charmakar, S., Ulak, S., Pradhan, D. K., Pokharel, Y. P., Velayudhan, S. T., Sathyapala, S. and Animon, I. 2021. Diversity and distribution of forest ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Nepal: Implications for sustainable forest management. Insects 12(12):1128.

Yong, G. W., Wong, M. K. and Soh, E. J. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant genera of Pulau Ubin, Singapore, from rapid opportunistic sampling (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Nature in Singapore 10:55–66.

How to Cite
SubediI. P. (2021). New record of the Ponerine ant Buniapone amblyops (Emery, 1887) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Zoology , 5(2), 62-67.
Research Articles