Retrospective Assessment of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Saptari District, Nepal

  • Bauwa Kumar Shah
  • Mahendra Maharjan
Keywords: Bone marrow aspiration, Leishmania donovani, Miltefosine, rK-39, SAG


Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is still posing a major public health threat in Terai belt of Nepal, mainly bordering Bihar State of India. In order to assess the epidemiological, diagnostic and treatment trends of visceral Leishmaniasis in Saptari district, a retrospective study was carried out assessing the available data of last five years (2007-2012). Epidemiologically, VL cases seem to be in declining trend during last five years in Saptari district. The highest prevalence was recorded in the year 2007 (31.5%) VL cases, which was reduced by 3.5% in 2012. Similarly, Diagnosis practice adopted in different treatment centres of Saptari district showed rK-39 as mostly practiced method compared to bone marrow aspiration technique, both in laboratory as well as in field condition. Therapeutic trend administered in VL cases showed that majority of the patients were treated with Miltefosine with different drug dosage compared to SAG and Amphotericin B. Eventually the cure rate was found to maximum with Miltefosine as it was also used in patients with antimony resistant cases


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How to Cite
ShahB. K., & MaharjanM. (2014). Retrospective Assessment of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Saptari District, Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Zoology , 2(1), 26-30. Retrieved from
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